JOHANNESBURG – The High Court in Johannesburg has declared Section 18 of the Criminal Procedure Act unconstitutional, which means the 20-year prescription bar on sexual offences will be lifted.
The court has ordered that the law be sent to Parliament for a period of 18 months to be amended.
The so-called Frankel Eight went to the High Court in an attempt to change the law which prevented victims of sexual abuse from criminally charging their abusers 20 years after the crime was committed.
On Monday morning, BuzzFeed published an explosive article reporting that R&B legend R. Kelly is holding multiple young women against their will in what their parents are calling an abusive sex cult. But the young women in question keep telling the police that they’re there of their own free will. And since all of them are at least 18 years old, the police can’t do anything.
BuzzFeed’s report is detailed, thorough, and immensely disturbing. It alleges that Kelly targets young women who come to him for help with their fledgling music careers: He seems to offer them professional guidance, and then instead he initiates sexual relationships with them behind their parents’ backs.
Most of the women are 19 or in their early 20s, and were still living with their parents or in college when Kelly allegedly targeted them. According to BuzzFeed, Kelly’s MO is to talk with his targets secretly via cellphone for several months, then fly them out to one of his concerts to sleep with them.
He begins to control the girls’ appearance and behavior. One of his alleged victims lost weight and cut, dyed, and permed her hair, apparently on Kelly’s orders. He allegedly beat the same girl when she laughed at a joke made by a male cab driver. He confiscates the girls’ cellphones and replaces them with new ones, instructing them to ask his permission if they want to use the new phones to contact anyone besides him.
Eventually, BuzzFeed reports, Kelly brings his victims to live in one of the properties he rents around the country. BuzzFeed was able to confirm that five women were living in his Chicago recording studio last summer; according to its sources, the women are required to call Kelly “Daddy” and to ask his permission before leaving their rooms. They dress in jogging suits so that no one else can see their bodies, and when other men are in the room, they are required to turn around and face the wall. BuzzFeed’s sources also say that Kelly routinely films his sexual activities and shares the videos with other men, and that when any of the women “break the rules,” Kelly punishes them verbally and physically.
“It was as if she was brainwashed. [She] looked like a prisoner — it was horrible,” the mother of one of the women at Kelly’s compound told BuzzFeed of the last time she saw her daughter. “I hugged her and hugged her. But she just kept saying she’s in love and [Kelly] is the one who cares for her. I don’t know what to do. I hope that if I get her back, I can get her treatment for victims of cults. They can reprogram her. But I wish I could have stopped it from happening.”
Through a lawyer, Kelly issued a statement denying the Buzzfeed report. “Mr. Robert Kelly is both alarmed and disturbed at the recent revelations attributed to him,” the statement reads. “Mr. Kelly unequivocally denies such allegations and will work diligently and forcibly to pursue his accusers and clear his name.”
Buzzfeed’s piece was written and reported by music journalist and former Chicago Sun-Times reporter Jim DeRogatis, who has been covering Kelly for almost 20 years. He’s extremely familiar with the long list of sex crime allegations that have been brought against Kelly, and given his latest reporting, it’s worth going back to look at some of his past work.
The story of R. Kelly’s “cult” is just the latest development in a long-running and disturbing string of alleged sex crimes
DeRogatis has developed a detailed timeline of Kelly’s history of alleged sexual abuse, including rumors that Kelly himself was abused as a child. It provides valuable context to the latest, immensely disturbing development in this long-running and too-long-ignored story and is worth reading in full, but here’s an overview.
“R. Kelly was a huge story for me,” DeRogatis told the Village Voice in 2013, “this guy who rose from not graduating from Kenwood Academy, singing at backyard barbecues and on the El, to suddenly selling millions of records.”
Following an anonymous tip that was faxed to the Sun-Times offices in 2000, DeRogatis broke the story that Kelly was facing lawsuits from multiple women who alleged that he initiated sexual relationships with them as minors.
“There is a split in Kelly’s music between the anthemic ‘I Believe I Can Fly’ and the down and dirty ‘Bump N’ Grind,’ and between the spiritual ‘I Wish’ and the self-explanatory ‘I Like the Crotch on You,’” DeRogatis wrote at the time. “That split apparently has been mirrored by the contrast between his public stance as a hero for young children and his private behavior with young girls.”
According to the suits DeRogatis uncovered, when Kelly was in his 20s, he began to make a practice of visiting his old school, Kenwood Academy, sitting in on the choir class as a conquering hero, and picking up sophomore girls.
He allegedly dumped one girl when she turned 18. Shortly afterward, she slit her wrists.
“He told [us both], ‘If you want to be serious about the music, you have to be at the studio and not at school, because school isn’t going to make you a millionaire,’” one girl told DeRogatis of the sexual relationship she alleged Kelly initiated with her and her friend. “At 16, that’s like a dream to us to work with R. Kelly, so we listened to him.”
Even before DeRogatis broke the news of the lawsuits against Kelly, the musician did not have a squeaky-clean past. In 1991, a then-24-year-old Kelly met 12-year-old Aaliyah Haughton. Three years later, Kelly produced the Aaliyah album Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number and married the singer, using a false birth certificate that claimed the 15-year-old Aaliyah was 18.
The marriage was quickly annulled, and Aaliyah returned to her family; the controversy then died down, leaving behind only a few mild rumors. “There were rumors that Kelly likes them young,” DeRogatis recalled in 2013. So when he received his first anonymous tip in 2000, “I think, ‘Oh, this is somebody playing with this.’”
But when he checked the tip against court records, he found piles of long-ignored lawsuits. “These suits had been filed at 4 p.m. on Christmas Eve,” he says. “Ain’t no reporter working at 4 p.m. on Christmas Eve, and they flew under the radar” — at least, they did until the Sun-Times picked up the story.
In 2002, an anonymous source dropped a videotape into DeRogatis’s home mailbox. It was the infamous “child pee” tape, 26 minutes and 39 seconds of footage showing Kelly engaging in sex acts with and urinating on a young girl, who clearly appeared to be a minor and was reportedly 14 years old. The Sun-Times handed the tape over to the police, and later that year Kelly was indicted on 21 counts of making child pornography, but not rape.
The case would not go to trial until 2008, in a strategy that some experts call “victory by delay.” The jury would eventually conclude that they could not conclusively prove that the girl on the tape was a minor, and Kelly was found not guilty on all counts. “He was not tried for rape,” DeRogatis points out. “He’s never been tried in court for rape.”
Since he began following the Kelly story, DeRogatis has been vocal about how troubling he finds Kelly’s continued public success. “I’ve never expected other journalists and critics to feel as strongly about this story as I do,” he wrote in 2014. “But neither did I expect the cultural amnesia that for years allowed many to ignore any reference to Kelly’s crimes, despite the mountains of evidence in the public record, or to dismiss them with a fleeting nod to past ‘controversy’ or ‘rumors.’”
“The saddest fact I’ve learned is: Nobody matters less to our society than young black women,” he told the Village Voice, adding, “Kelly never misbehaved with a single white girl who sued him or that we know of.” DeRogatis cites Mark Anthony Neal, the African-American scholar, in making this point: “One white girl in Winnetka and the story would have been different. No, it was young black girls and all of them settled. They settled because they felt they could get no justice whatsoever. They didn’t have a chance.”
In his new piece for BuzzFeed, DeRogatis does not identify the race of any of the women whom Kelly is currently allegedly holding, but Kelly’s past alleged victims have all been young and black. If Kelly is following his previously established patterns, these women most likely are as well.
Which suggests that any success in freeing these women will depend, in part, on whether our society has made up its mind to care about young black women. It will depend on whether we are willing to fight for them.
On the day The Keepers was released on Netflix, the archdiocese of Baltimore tweeted that although it did not deny allegations of child abuse against Father Joseph Maskell, a priest who worked in the city for decades, the premise and conclusion of Ryan White’s documentary series were “wrong”. The account @archbalt included, bizarrely, a clipart picture of a checklist, and a hashtag, #TheKeepersUntold. It has continued to use this hashtag, along with another, #TheKeepersTruth, since the series came out.
It’s easy to see why this astonishingly powerful seven-parter has led to what White, over the phone from his home in Los Angeles, calls a church in “defensive attack mode”. The Keepers initially begins as a Making a Murderer or The Jinx-style true-crime whodunnit, promising an investigation into the unsolved 1969 murder of Sister Cathy Cesnik, a Baltimore nun and teacher. But it quickly reveals itself to be much bigger, and more far-reaching, than that, exposing decades of child abuse within institutions across Baltimore, from the church to the police force, and distressingly, the extent to which they colluded in silencing the victims and covering up such horrific crimes. “As you’ve seen now, on paper especially, it’s a pretty unbelievable story. It’s captivating, for sure,” White says.
White’s previous work includes Serena and The Case Against 8. He came to the story through a personal connection: both his aunt and mother went to Archbishop Keough high school, where Maskell and Cesnik taught and where much of the abuse documented in the film was alleged to have taken place. White’s aunt was a student of Cesnik’s and he says that there had always been local interest in the Sister Cathy story. In particular, he and his family had been intrigued by the identity of “Jane Doe”, an anonymous former Keogh student whose allegations of abuse against Maskell resulted in a 1994 court case, in which she sued Maskell and the archdiocese of Baltimore for covering up the abuse. Doe claimed that Cesnik had discovered what was going on in the school, and that Maskell had taken her to Cesnik’s dead body as a warning against speaking out. The case was dismissed.
“People like my aunt and my mom had always wondered,” White explains. In 2014, Tom Nugent, an investigative journalist who appears in the series, published a blog in which Jane Doe revealed her identity. She was Jean Wehner, a classmate of White’s aunt. “That’s when they found out their friend was Jane Doe.” His mother said Wehner had a story to tell and, curiosity piqued, White flew from Los Angeles to Baltimore and spent five hours at her house. “On the way back, my producer and I both agreed right away that if she wanted to do something, we wanted to be her partners in it. I felt like she was a person who was incredibly honest and raw, and once I’m drawn to a person like that, that’s when I know it’s the starting point of a documentary.”
Not-so-silent witness … Jean Wehner, AKA Jane Doe. Photograph: Netflix
During the course of the series, we hear that Wehner only began to remember the abuse that had taken place many years later, and this notion of repressed memory– memories that have been blocked out by trauma, only to later re-emerge – was given as the reason for the 1994 lawsuit being dismissed. White acknowledges that it was initially a foreign concept to him. “I wondered if you could really witness and experience something that gruesome, and not know you had lived it. I’m not a psychologist, so I can’t get into the science, but I will say that now I’ve made The Keepers, I cannot tell you how many people in my life have come forward with the same stories.”
Wehner, he says, is a prime example of that. “She was the first person ever to come forward publicly with an allegation against Father Maskell and she’s been corroborated by dozens, if not hundreds. People can prove that it happened to them, and they are telling us that there were certain parts of their lives where they weren’t aware of it.”
White spent three years making The Keepers, and it took over his life. He assumed – naively, he says now – that once the series was out there, that would be an end to it. “I guess I kind of fooled myself into thinking the day it was released was the day I’d be able to look up and see the world again,” he laughs, wryly. “Instead, it got more personal when it came out, and it got even more nauseating. I was unprepared for the type of personal reaction that people would have to it.” His email inbox regularly fills with people asking him to investigate their own stories of abuse, or asking him to put them in touch with Wehner. Eventually, the production team sought professional help from NGOs and non-profit organisations specialising in working with survivors. “I know that I can’t be that for all of these strangers out there in the world,” he says, “so it’s about getting them the resources they need as soon as possible.”
The accused … Baltimore priest Joseph Maskell. Photograph: Netflix
The Keepers is harrowing, documenting awful violence and abuse. I recently heard someone describe it as “brilliant”, and follow that immediately with “don’t watch it”. White was well aware of its potential impact. “We knew we had found something very sad, but also very powerful, that could lead to a lot of change,” he says. The sheer scope of the story The Keepers ends up telling – a cover-up of child abuse on a mass scale within the Catholic church; a new Spotlight, of sorts – became frightening to him.
“I’ll say it, I was afraid,” says White. “I was afraid many times during filming. I was probably afraid through the entire filming. You always had the sense that we were rooting around in something people didn’t want us rooting around in. It was definitely the most uncomfortable I’ve been in my film-making career.”
White says, though, that it’s important to realise the experience was not all doom and gloom. “Jean is probably one of the most fun people I’ve ever met in my life,” he says. “She and I can drink wine all day long.” Indeed, one of the series’ most memorable scenes is also one of its few instances of humour. When Wehner is told that the church had known about earlier abuse allegations against Father Maskell, she half-laughs, and finally yells: “Those fuckers!”
Question time … the Keepers director Ryan White with survivor Jean Wehner. Photograph: Noam Galai/Getty
It’s an incredible moment of catharsis. “It was one of the few moments where anger overcame Jean, and she was willing to show it,” says White. “She and I keep laughing so hard, because that clip has gone viral. I was like: ‘Jean, who would have thought you dropping the F-bomb would be all over the internet?’ Because she’s a grandma, you know? That’s not Jean. That’s what’s been done to her. That’s what all of this horrible trauma has caused.”
Although the initial premise of The Keepers appears to be “Who killed Sister Cathy?”, it’s really Wehner’s story, and it ends when it does, with no solid conclusions, says White, because Wehner felt as if she had said all she could say at this time. “We don’t have that neat, The Jinx-style ending [in which the suspected murderer is caught on-mic apparently confessing to his crimes] where somebody confesses they killed Sister Cathy, but it felt like Jean’s journey was wrapping up, so we said: ‘Let’s release this to the world, and see how the world reacts, even though there aren’t neat endings to the true-crime part.”
The world has certainly reacted. One consequence of true-crime dramas such as Serial and Making a Murderer is that they tend to turn their army of viewers and listeners into amateur sleuths. Is it ethical to place real crimes in the hands of an audience? White has not had time to really fall into the Reddit “rabbit hole” yet, he says, and understands that it’s a tricky area. “The way I really justify it is that The Keepers is a story about women being silenced, right?” he says. “All of the women I’ve worked with, all of the survivors that I became so close with, over the last three years, are proud of the product. They feel it’s finally giving them a voice. Those are the people who matter the most. If there are other people being held to a flame in some way because of their failures, that’s what accountability is.”
He sounds truly astonished that it has taken this long. “Maskell died a free man under the care of the archdiocese [in 2001]. If people have to finally answer the tough questions, or the institutions in power have the public questioning them at this point, then I’m learning to be comfortable with the fact that that’s what should have happened long ago.”
The response of the archdiocese of Baltimore has been surprising, to say the least. “People in churches and schools in Baltimore started sending us literature that the archdiocese was sending out, on how to tell people what we got wrong. The documentary wasn’t even out. I just found it incredibly disappointing.” The @archbalt account retweeted a message that called the series “fiction”, a spokesperson subsequently admitting that this was “bad judgment”. “They’re trying to re-message. They’ve lost. It’s too late now,” says White. “All I know is that I’ve dealt with between 35 and 40 survivors and they’ve all been sickened at the archdiocese’s responses. I’ve spent way too much time on phone calls with people I worked with in tears, because this institution continues to torture them, and I don’t understand why.”
What makes this all the more disappointing for White is that he was raised in the church and his own experience was positive. “I wasn’t a practising Catholic, I had wandered away from the church in my 20s but still had fondness for it.” And now? “I won’t be a part of that church again. My faith has been shattered.” Does he think the cover-up goes all the way to the top? “The only responses we’ve seen to our documentary are from the archdiocese of Baltimore. What is the Vatican response? I don’t know how high it goes, I won’t even speculate on that, but I would like to hear from the Catholic church that reigns over the archdiocese of Baltimore, why they haven’t made a response to it.” Incidentally, shortly after I spoke with White, the pope’s chief financial adviser, Cardinal George Pell, announced that he would take a leave of absence following multiple accusations of historical sex crimes.
The victim … Sister Cathy Cesnik with her father, Joseph. Photograph: Netflix
As for the murder of Sister Cathy Cesnik, White says he has his own theory about who did it, and believes Maskell was certainly involved. Since the documentary came out, Maskell’s body has been exhumed to allow DNA testing on evidence found at the murder scene. There was no match. White says nobody really believed they would find evidence of Maskell’s presence at the murder scene, but it does show that the police are taking it seriously, and spending time and money on trying to crack the case. So, are we any closer to knowing who killed Sister Cathy?
“What The Keepers has done is blown the lid off of Baltimore, really shaken the branches of information, and I think people are seeing things, remembering things that they didn’t even know played a role in this,” says White. “So, I think we are closer. Whether that means we ever solve it and someone goes to jail, I can’t guarantee that. But the amount of information and progress we’ve seen just in the weeks since it came out, says to me that this cold case can still be solved.”
Heath Ledger was murdered according to Lindsay Lohan, who says the “Hollywood bad boy” became a problem for “the pedophiles at the top of the Hollywood pyramid” after his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight propelled him towards superstar status.
“They couldn’t trust him anymore. They knew he had a big mouth and big balls. He liked to rock the boat,” Lohan said.
“He knew a lot of industry secrets and he wasn’t afraid of speaking out.”
Lindsay Lohan caught the world’s attention this week after a tweet in which she defended President Trump and his family went viral.
THIS IS our president. Stop #bullying him & start trusting him. Thank you personally for supporting #THEUSA
The London-based actress was asked about her tweet calling for people to stop bullying President Trump, but Lohan, speaking in her puzzling new “international accent”, instead began shedding light on Heath Ledger’s 2007 death.
“It wasn’t a suicide. It wasn’t an accidental overdose. Everybody in the industry knows the truth. He was taken out. He was an example to the rest of us to stay in line. He was the last of the Hollywood bad boys.”
Former child star Lindsay was close to Ledger in the year before his death, spending time with the Australian actor in his Manhattan apartment between shoots.
Describing Ledger as “a player, a troublemaker, some kind of dark horse” Lindsay Lohan said,
“we agreed that anybody with a soul just can’t exist in Hollywood. You have to get out. You have to find a way out or you’ll be eaten up from the inside out.”
“Heath cared about acting, he cared about the art and the legacy he was leaving. He was disgusted and so, so disillusioned with what Hollywood really is. He was just so repulsed by the money hungry, power crazed elite. The pedophiles and their networks.”
“He was plotting his way out. He liked explosions. He wanted to blow the whole shithouse up in flames.Among the qualities that most attracted me to Heath was his transparency, which was illusory, of course, and his equally illusory sense of being almost immortal.”
Following the recent spate of pedophilia related arrests in California, which prosecutors warn is “the tip of very rotten iceberg”, Lohan’s claims about the dark side of Hollywood come as no surprise.
The grip the rotten Hollywood elite hold over the actors working the system is becoming the stuff of legend. Speaking about her peers, the actors and actresses in Hollywood,
Lohan said, “We all know that if you want to make sure reporters can’t report on anything you say at a press conference, you just start talking about how Hollywood is run by perverts and pedophiles. The oligarchs that run your media companies won’t print a word of it.“
Ledger died on 22 January 2008 from what the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner of New York called an “accidental intoxication from prescription drugs”, just a few months after finishing filming his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight.
While the prescription drugs found in Ledger’s system were all well known prescription drugs, the lethal combination of drugs would never be prescribed by a physician.
As a 30-year seasoned veteran in the movie business, Pitt speaks about his experiences after witnessing the dark side of the entertainment industry first hand.
Mr. Pitt describes how the whole TV and film industry is run around a culture of grooming children for child trafficking networks that reach across the United States and beyond, into the upper echelons of the political spectrum and societal hierarchy:
“You think Hollywood is about making movies? That’s just a byproduct: It’s about money, and more importantly, power and control.”
“The people who run Hollywood, also run America, and most of the world, and they don’t care about movies.”
“You’ve heard of the Illuminati right? The secret societies, the politicians, the bankers and the media – they’re the ones running these pedophile rings, and they’re the ones that run the world, and it all goes back to Hollywood.”
“Kids wanna be in movies, or should I say; parents want their kids to be in movies, and they’ll do anything to get them famous”
A senior Vatican cardinal charged in Australia with multiple historical sexual offences has denied the accusations and denounced what he called a “relentless character assassination” in the media.
Cardinal George Pell, Pope Francis’s chief financial adviser and Australia’s most senior Catholic, said he would take a leave of absence as the Vatican’s finance tsar and would return to Australia to fight the charges.Pell is the highest-ranking Vatican official charged in the church’s long-running sexual abuse scandal.Deputy Commissioner Shane Patton of Victoria state police said officers have summonsed Pell to appear in court to face multiple charges of historical sexual assault offences.Mr Patton gave no other details of the allegations. Pell was ordered to appear at Melbourne Magistrates’ Court on July 18.Pell, 76, has for years faced allegations that he mishandled cases of clergy abuse when he was archbishop of Melbourne and then Sydney, but more recently, he became the focus of a sex abuse investigation himself, with Victoria detectives flying to the Vatican last year to interview him.It is unclear what allegations the charges relate to, but two men, now in their 40s, have said Pell touched them inappropriately at a swimming pool in the late 1970s when he was a senior priest in Melbourne.Mr Patton told reporters in Melbourne that none of the allegations against Pell had been tested in any court, adding: “Cardinal Pell, like any other defendant, has a right to due process.”ADVERTISING
The charges are a new and serious blow to Pope Francis, who has already suffered several credibility setbacks in his promised “zero tolerance” policy about sex abuse.
The charges also complicate Francis’s financial reform efforts at the Vatican, which were already strained by Pell’s repeated clashes with the Italian-dominated bureaucracy.
Last week, one of Pell’s top allies, the Vatican’s auditor general, resigned without explanation two years into a five-year term, raising questions about whether the reform effort was doomed.
Vatican spokesman Greg Burke said Pope Francis had learned with “regret” of the charges and had granted Pell a leave of absence to defend himself. He said the Vatican’s financial reforms would continue in his absence.
Pell’s actions as archbishop have come under intense scrutiny in recent years by a government-authorised investigation into how the Catholic Church and other institutions have responded to the sexual abuse of children.
Australia’s Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse – the nation’s highest form of inquiry – has found shocking levels of abuse in Australia’s Catholic Church, revealing earlier this year that 7% of Catholic priests had been accused of sexually abusing children over the several decades.
Last year, Pell acknowledged during evidence to the commission that the Catholic Church had made “enormous mistakes” in allowing thousands of children to be raped and molested by priests over centuries.
He conceded that he had erred by often believing priests over those who alleged abuse, and he vowed to help end a rash of suicides among church abuse victims in his home town of Ballarat.
Francis appointed Pell in 2014 to a five-year term to head the Vatican’s new economy secretariat, giving him broad rein to control all economic, administrative, personnel and procurement functions of the Holy See. The mandate has since been restricted to performing more of an oversight role.
Tyrian purple (Greek, πορφύρα, porphyra, Latin: purpura), also known as Tyrian red, ROYAL PURPLE, imperial purple or imperial dye, is a bromine-containing reddish-purplenatural dye. It is a secretion produced by several species of predatory sea snails in the family Muricidae, rock snails originally known by the name Murex. In ancient times, extracting this dye involved tens of thousands of snails and substantial labor, and as a result, the dye was highly valued.
Prince William of Gloucester, who died in a plane crash in 1972. He was the eldest son of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (son of George V). diagnosed with porphyria. Don’t know type or extent of his symptoms.
Daniel 4, the madness of Nebuchadnezzar(4th chapter of the Bible‘s Book of Daniel) tells how King Nebuchadnezzar learns the lesson of God’s sovereignty, “who is able to bring low those who walk in pride.” Nebuchadnezzar dreams of a great tree that shelters the whole world, but in his dream an angelic “watcher” appears and decrees that the tree must be cut down and that for seven years he, Nebuchadnezzar, will have his human mind taken away and will eat grass like an ox. This comes to pass, and at the end of his punishment Nebuchadnezzar praises God. (Daniel‘s role is to interpret the dream for the king).
The message of Nebuchadnezzar’s madness is that all earthly power, including that of kings, is subordinate to the power of God. It forms a contrasting pair with chapter 5: Nebuchadnezzar learns that God alone controls the world and is restored to his kingdom, while Belshazzar fails to learn from Nebuchadnezzar’s example and has his kingdom taken from him and given to the Medes and Persians.wiki
Nebuchadnezzar & porphoria
“Aside from boanthropy, other explanations for his behaviour include porphyria (a group of enzyme disorders that manifest with neurological symptoms including hallucinations, depression, anxiety and paranoia) or general paresis or paralytic dementia caused by syphilis.
The porphyrias are a group of rare inherited or acquired disorders of certain enzymes that normally participate in the production of porphyrins and haem. They manifest with either neurological complications or skin problems, or occasionally both.
The Rh factor was discovered by Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener in 1940 Before the prophylactic use of Rh immunoglobulins (anti-D globulin) was introduced, maternal anti-D antibodies frequently caused fetal brain damage, as a result of the increased levels of bilirubin (Kern icterus), and death. The mechanism underlying the prevention of maternal anti-D production after receipt of prophylactic Rh immunoglobulin could be due to antigen blocking or a central inhibition of the immune response. Prophylactic Rh immunoglobulins are usually given by intramuscular injection. Rh immunoglobulins are also used for treating idiopathic thrombocytopenia, when they are given intravenously. The primary mechanism of action for this indication is believed to be an immunological blockade of Fc receptors within the reticuloendothelial system, preventing entrapment of antibody-coated platelets with a subsequent rise in the circulating platelet count (Ware & Zimmerman, 1998). Today’s methods for obtaining Rh immunoglobulin for a therapeutic hyperimmunoglobulin preparation follow Wiener’s original 1943 procedures for obtaining anti-Rh antibodies for diagnostic purposes. In his search, Wiener found the most convenient source of anti-Rh sera were people already sensitized by pregnancy or transfusion. During World War II, Wiener prepared anti-Rh serum for the armed forces by injecting small Rh-positive red cells into people who were already sensitized and could induce a very strong anamnestic response. The best source of anti-Rh serum came from male Rh-negative volunteers immunized with a small dose of Rh-positive red cells. At least two injections, 4 months apart, for the production of specific high-titre anti-Rh antibodies were required (Wiener 1969)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2141.2003.04295.x/full#ss4.http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2141.2003.04295.x/fullhttps://archive.is/avONc
The Basque people of Spain have an unusually high percentage of Rh Negative blood, DNA tests have confirmed a link between the Irish and the Basques, Ireland and Scotland also have a high percentage of people with Rh negative blood,
Every human has 23 pairs of chromosomes – organized packets of genetic information (DNA) which code for all the necessary amino acids to create a human being. The twenty-third set of chromosomes determine the gender of a person: two X chromosomes create a female, and an X paired with a Y creates a male.
The Y chromosome is much smaller than a typical X chromosome, and contains somewhere between 70-200 genes (the entire human genome comprises approximately 20,000-25,000 genes). Some important genes on the Y chromosome include:
SRY: The SRY (Sex Determining Y Region) gene determines gender. This gene will bind to other DNA in the cell, distorting it out of shape. This single gene creates the male phenotype. In a very rare genetic event, the gene sometimes gets translocated onto an X chromosome. When this happens, the child carries a genome that should be female (46, XX), but develops as a male. Adult men with a 46, XX karyotype and a translocated SRY gene are often identified due to infertility or hypogonadism (underdeveloped testes).
SHOX: The SHOX gene (Short Stature Homeobox) is located on the X and the Y chromosome. This gene is responsible for skeletal growth. While many genes are located only on the X chromosome, this gene is present in both the X and the Y chromosome, so that each gender receives two functional copies of the gene.
USP9Y: This gene (ubiquitin specific peptidase 9, Y-linked) is found on the Y chromosome, and is only present in males. This gene is involved in the production of healthy sperm, and infertile males sometimes have a mutation in this gene.
The Y chromosome is not necessary for the male phenotype. The SRY gene is required, however, and it is almost always located on the Y chromosome. In a few rare cases, the SRY gene has been translocated (moved) to the X chromosome by accident. In these cases, the genotype is 46, XX – this would normally indicate a female genotype. In the rare case of translocation of the SRY gene, however, a man can be 46, XX: these men are often fully masculinized, but are infertile. This is sometimes called the “XX Male Syndrome.”
There are also reports of men who have a 46, XX genotype without the SRY gene. The causes of this rare occurrence have not been completely investigated. Like the men with the translocated SRY gene, these men are infertile.
British and Irish DNA suggests that people on the two islands have much genetically in common. Males in both islands have a strong predominance of Haplogroup 1 gene, meaning that most of us in the British Isles are descended from the same Spanish stone age settlers.
The main difference is the degree to which later migrations of people to the islands affected the population’s DNA. Parts of Ireland (most notably the western seaboard) have been almost untouched by outside genetic influence since hunter-gatherer times. Men there with traditional Irish surnames have the highest incidence of the Haplogroup 1 gene – over 99%.
At the same time London, for example, has been a mutli-ethnic city for hundreds of years. Furthermore, England has seen more arrivals of new people from Europe – Anglo-Saxons and Normans – than Ireland.
Therefore while the earliest English ancestors were very similar in DNA and culture to the tribes of Ireland, later arrivals to England have created more diversity between the two groups.
Irish and Scottish people share very similar DNA. The obvious similarities of culture, pale skin, tendancy to red hair have historically been prescribed to the two people’s sharing a common celtic ancestry. Actually it now seems much more likely that the similarity results from the movement of people from the north of Ireland into Scotland in the centuries 400 – 800 AD. At this time the kingdom of Dalriada, based near Ballymoney in County Antrim extended far into Scotland. The Irish invaders brought Gaelic language and culture, and they also brought their genes.
Irish Characteristics and DNA The MC1R gene has been identified by researchers as the gene responsible for red hair as well as the accompanying fair skin and tendency towards freckles. According to recent research, genes for red hair first appeared in human beings about 40,000 to 50,000 years ago.
These genes were then brought to the British Isles by the original settlers, men and women who would have been relatively tall, with little body fat, athletic, fair-skinned and who would have had red hair. So red-heads may well be descended from the earliest ancestors of the Irish and British.
A spoof (and very funny) exploration into the characteristics of all Irish-blooded males can be read at this link: www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/weekend. Identified genes include IMG or the Irish Mother Gene and the GK (MF) S Gene Kelly-Michael-Flately-Syndrome which explains the inability of the Irish man to move his hips while dancing!
Irish origin myths confirmed by modern scientific evidence One of the oldest texts composed in Ireland is the Leabhar Gabhla, the Book of Invasions. It tells a semi-mythical history of the waves of people who settled in Ireland in earliest time. It says the first settlers to arrive in Ireland were a small dark race called the Fir Bolg, followed by a magical super-race called the Tuatha de Danaan (the people of the goddess Dana).
Most interestingly, the book says that the group which then came to Ireland and fully established itself as rulers of the island were the Milesians – the sons of Mil, the soldier from Spain. Modern DNA research has actually confirmed that the Irish are close genetic relatives of the people of northern Spain.
While it might seem strange that Ireland was populated from Spain rather than Britain or France, it is worth remembering that in ancient times the sea was one of the fastest and easiest ways to travel. When the land was covered in thick forest, coastal settlements were common and people travlleled around the seaboard of Europe quite freely.
Medieval map of Ireland, showing Irish tribes.
But where did the early Irish come from? For a long time the myth of Irish history has been that the Irish are Celts. Many people still refer to Irish, Scottish and Welsh as Celtic culture – and the assumtion has been that they were Celts who migrated from central Europe around 500BCE. Keltoi was the name given by the Ancient Greeks to a ‘barbaric’ (in their eyes) people who lived to the north of them in central Europe. While early Irish art shows some similarities of style to central European art of the Keltoi, historians have also recognised many significant differences between the two cultures.
The latest research into Irish DNA has confirmed that the early inhabitants of Ireland were not directly descended from the Keltoi of central Europe. In fact the closest genetic relatives of the Irish in Europe are to be found in the north of Spain in the region known as the Basque Country. These same ancestors are shared to an extent with the people of Britain – especially the Scottish.
DNA testing through the male Y chromosome has shown that Irish males have the highest incidence of the haplogroup 1 gene in Europe. While other parts of Europe have integrated contiuous waves of new settlers from Asia, Ireland’s remote geographical position has meant that the Irish gene-pool has been less susceptible to change. The same genes have been passed down from parents to children for thousands of years.
This is mirrored in genetic studies which have compared DNA analysis with Irish surnames. Many surnames in Irish are Gaelic surnames, suggesting that the holder of the surname is a descendant of people who lived in Ireland long before the English conquests of the Middle Ages. Men with Gaelic surnames, showed the highest incidences of Haplogroup 1 (or Rb1) gene. This means that those Irish whose ancestors pre-date English conquest of the island are direct descendants of early stone age settlers who migrated from Spain.
Haplogroups are assigned letters of the alphabet, and refinements consist of additional number and letter combinations, for example R1b or R1b1. Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA haplogroups have different haplogroup designations. In essence, haplogroups give an inisight into ancestral origins dating back thousands of years.
By entering all the STR data inadvertently shown on the Discovery video, a 99.6 percent fit with the R1b haplogroup is revealed.
The Justice Department has arrested 238 in a major new operation The Department of Justice has just conducted a series of raids across Los Angeles and arrested 238 people in connection with a Hollywoodpedophilia network.
According to police, the arrests included some “major Hollywood players” as well as politicians, white-collar professionals, a monk, and other high-ranking clergy members.
The raids were conducted by the Los Angeles Regional Internet Crimes against Children task force, working directly with the Justice Department.
Codenamed “Operation Broken Heart III”, the sweeping raids targeted offenders wanted for the sexual exploitation of children, child prostitution, sex tourism and possessing and distributingchild pornography, said Deputy Chief Matt Blake of the Los Angeles Police Department.
Police stated that they are unable to release any names at this point, but confirmed that the arrested included some “household names” in the entertainment industry.
Operation Broken Heart III is said to be part of a much larger operation that connects to national Elite pedophile rings and may extend worldwide.
Among those arrested was an Australian politician who was attempting to “purchase” a 6-year-old boy.
LA Timesreports:Among those arrested during sweeps in April and May were entertainers, community leaders, white-collar professionals and clergy members, said John Reynolds, acting special agent in charge forU.S. Department of Homeland Security Investigations
“The incidence of child sexual exploitation has reached staggering proportions,” he said at a news conference.
Law enforcement officials said the arrests underscore the importance of families maintaining an open dialogue about Internet safety.
“Parents and kids need to have frank conversations about how to stay safe in cyberspace,” Reynolds said.
Children and teens, he said, are spending more time on the Internet and social media sites, where child predators often look for victims.
The Los Angeles task force is one of 61 programs nationwide funded through the U.S. Justice Department’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Created in 2014, Operation Broken Heart gives law enforcement agencies and task forces an opportunity to combine resources and investigative tools to identify child sexual predators.
Investigators use forensic equipment inside a mobile crime lab named “The Beast” to scan through hard drives for any illicit images.
In May, Michael Quinn, 33, traveled from Australia to Los Angeles to complete a deal to buy a 6-year-old boy for sex, according to the U.S. attorney’s office in Los Angeles.
Undercover agents met Quinn on a social media networking site, where he had communicated that he wanted to “meet up with a dad who shares his young one,” according to prosecutors.
“Quinn explained to the undercover agent he was hoping to meet ‘other pervs’ in the U.S. and ultimately agreed to pay a human trafficker $250 to provide him with a young boy with whom he could engage in illicit sex,” according to the U.S. attorney’s office in Los Angeles.
Quinn went to a hotel in Los Angeles, where he planned to meet and party with three other child predators and engage in sex with boys, prosecutors said.
Instead, undercover agents were waiting inside the hotel room.
After Quinn handed money to an agent, who was posing as a sex trafficker, law enforcement authorities entered the room and arrested him, prosecutors said.
Weeks later in Riverside, authorities arrested Kounzong Saebphang, 26, a monk, at his home in the Wat Lao Buddhist Monastery in Riverside.
Authorities were investigating Saebphang since last year when they received information that he was possibly distributing child pornography, according to the Riverside County district attorney’s office.
When federal investigators searched the monastery, they found at least one digital device containing child pornography in his belongings, prosecutors said.Prosecutors alleged he also distributed child pornography to another person through a social media site.
1933 – Zionists Sign a Deal with Hitler to Create Israel
The Transfer Agreement
The traditional view of the ‘Holocaust’, is that Adolph Hitler had an obsession with wiping out the Jews. But, if that were the case, why did he sign this deal with the Zionist movement to move northern European Jews (Khazars) to Israel?
In the 1970’s, the stories passed down about the WW-2 German prison camps were welded together into a narrative we now call “the Holocaust” – meaning “the burnt offering.” Through telling and re-telling, the Holocaust has grown to a multi-million dollar industry, and has changed to mean something particular to Jewish history. It has been used to found a nation (Israel), and to justify many exceptions to morality.
Investigations of physical evidence and original documentation, however, have cast doubts on the Holocaust narrative that has been formed. For example, areas claimed to be mass graves, have been found with modern investigative technology to contain no human remains. Testimonies of accused perpetrators show evidence of outright fabrication, or were obtained through torture. Many of the supposed eyewitnesses have provided stories riddled by inconsistencies, describe physically impossible events, or were even total frauds who were never actually in the camps.
If the Holocaust narrative is false, the ramifications are far reaching. Ethnic Germans have been slandered for decades on the basis of the Holocaust. Terrorism used in the founding of Israel was justified through it. It was even used to justify the slaughter, rape, and murder of millions of ethnic Germans after World War 2.