Child Trafficking: Scotland’s Hidden Scandal {part 1}

Published: 3rd JAN 2017  |  last updated 14th JAN 2019

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Traffickers bring child sex slaves from Africa to Scotland  Scotsman-11 Jan 2017

Police want to create a 'hostile environment' for traffickersPolice want to create a ‘hostile environment’ for traffickers

Child sex slaves from Africa are among victims being trafficked into Scotland by criminal gangs, according to police.
Statistics from the National Crime Agency (NCA) show a total of 34 potential victims were identified between April and June last year – a 17 per cent increase on the previous quarter.
The figures include two children brought separately from Nigeria and Somalia for the purpose of sexual exploitation.
Police Scotland described the practice as “sickening” and said it was working to make Scotland a “hostile environment” for traffickers.
Victims from Africa, Asia and eastern Europe were among those identified by the authorities and reported using the UK National Referral Mechanism (NRM).
According to the NCA, 26 of the victims identified between April and June last year – the latest figures available – were adults from countries such as Vietnam, China and Albania. The majority were brought to Scotland for sexual exploitation.
But there was also eight children, two of whom were trafficked for sex.
Scotland accounted for just 3.4 per cent of the 1,002 potential victims identified across the UK.
Detective Chief Inspector Stuart Houston, head of Police Scotland’s human trafficking unit, said: “As the latest NRM figures show, traffickers target both children and adults, exploiting them for sexual and/or labour purposes, either across international borders or within Scotland and the UK.
“Tackling human trafficking is a priority for Police Scotland. It is challenging and complex to investigate and most investigations are protracted.
“Trafficked people are victims and will be treated as such. They are at risk and will be provided with help and support.
“Trafficking is unacceptable. We will target those who control, abuse and exploit others by working collaboratively with partners to ensure that Scotland is a hostile environment to this sickening trade.”
Kevin Hyland, the UK’s Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner, said: “The number of victims entering the National Referral Mechanism has continued to increase year on year.
This is true once again for those rescued from modern slavery in Scotland. “Modern slavery is serious, organised crime. It demands our attention, awareness and assets. Thousands of people in the UK are brutally abused in our cities and on our streets – something we cannot allow to continue.”  http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/traffickers-bring-child-sex-slaves-from-africa-to-scotland-1-4337312   archive




Three cases of human trafficking discovered in Scotland every week amid concerns many more are going undetected   20 AUG 2014

THE new government figures come as police continue to investigate two separate cases of people smuggling in the UK in recent days.
THREE cases of human trafficking are being discovered in Scotland every week amid concerns many more are going undetected.
A total of 36 cases were uncovered in Scotland in the period from January to March this year.

That is well on course to outstrip last year’s total detection rate of 66 cases for the full year.
The new government figures come as police continue to investigate two separate cases of people smuggling in the UK in recent days.
The death of a man and discovery of 34 other immigrants in a shipping container at a dockyard and the rescue of 15 immigrants in two separate cases in England have highlighted the issue of trafficking.
The figures were released as the Scottish Parliament’s committee on trafficking was due to meet tonight.
A total of 566 cases of human trafficking were recorded across the whole of the UK between January and March this year.
These include 258 adult women, 134 adult men, 102 girls and 72 boys.
The most common countries of origin for potential victims are Albania with 95, Slovakia with 73, Nigeria with 65 and Vietnam with 37.
Victims from Romania, Poland, Lithuania, China, the Czech Republic and who had been trafficked internally within the UK were also identified.
The most common reasons for an adult being trafficked were sexual exploitation, labour exploitation and domestic servitude.
In Scotland last year there were 99 referrals of human trafficking victims, two thirds of whom were female.
In the latest UK figures there was one case of a person being trafficked for organ harvesting.
The most common reasons for a child being trafficked are labour exploitation, sexual exploitation and domestic servitude.
People are trafficked for a number of reasons which police breakdown into five types — labour exploitation, sexual exploitation, organ trafficking, domestic
servitude, and internal trafficking, which includes forced begging, cannabis cultivation or sham marriages.
Earlier this year Holyrood Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill outlined plans to introduce a dedicated Human Trafficking Bill in Scotland.
Criminal law relating to human trafficking is devolved to Scottish Ministers and the Scottish Parliament, although border control and immigration are reserved to the UK Parliament.
In March MacKaskill said:”Trafficking human beings and exploiting them through forced labour, domestic servitude, prostitution, or for any other purpose, is an absolutely heinous crime. Hearing first-hand the terrible histories victims of trafficking have only serves to reinforce the need for robust legislation to allow our police and prosecutors greater powers to detect and prosecute those who seek to make money from human misery. Human trafficking is a crime than transcends borders, and we will continue to work with the UK and Northern Irish Governments as we develop our Bill proposals.”
Previously the Daily Record revealed harrowing details of how women “sex-trafficked” from central Africa found themselves on the streets of Scotland’s cities.
Campaigners say many cases are undetected.
In one of the testimonies to a Glasgow charity, a 21-year-old told how she was branded and forced to take a “witchcraft oath” to prevent her escaping.
She said: “I had to take the oath. I was given this mark on my hand. I was told that this mark, if you tell anyone what has transpired, you are going to die.”





Potential Signs of Human Trafficking  police scotland

Human Trafficking is the illegal trade in human beings, both adults and children, for the purpose of commercial exploitation.
Victims of human trafficking are often the most vulnerable members of a community however, there is no such thing as a typical victim.
Victims are known to come from numerous continents such as Asia, Africa and (Eastern) Europe. They may arrive in your community after being kidnapped, smuggled or tricked by a friend offering a job and the opportunity of a new life, however soon discover that their lives are not their own and are forced into a life of exploitation with no way of escaping.
Trafficking victims are often forced into prostitution, exploitative labour, the illegal drugs trade, stealing or domestic slavery to pay back the debt that traffickers claim they owe them for travel. Victims are trapped in this life with limited freedom or options. They regularly have their identity documents removed and are often subjected to physical and mental abuse, torture and rape.
Human Trafficking exists in communities across Scotland and also can involve people who are resident legally in the country. The industry of trafficking people has become so sophisticated that it often goes unnoticed and assistance from the public is crucial to identify potential signs of Human Trafficking within your community and reporting any concerns to the police.
You do not have to report concerns to the police – you can pass on information anonymously to the independent charity Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.

Potential Signs of Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking can happen anywhere, victims could be living next to you. Look for the signs:

Sexual Exploitation

  • Multiple female foreign nationals living at the same address.
  • Occupants are rarely seen outside.
  • Occupants of premises change regularly.
  • Male callers day and night staying for only a short time.
  • Sexual debris such as condoms, call cards, advertisements.

Forced Labour/Domestic Servitude

Migrant workers who have the right to free movement in and around the United Kingdom, but have limitations placed on their employment may be exploited through Industries such as agriculture, factories, hotels and restaurants.

  • Large number of foreign nationals living in the same address.
  • Occupants change regularly.
  • Van transported at unusual times of the day and/or night.
  • Workers movements are monitored and/or controlled by others.
  • Workers may seem fearful of employers, police or any other external agency and poorly integrate with the wider community.
  • Employers, or someone else, is holding their passport and/or legal documents.
  • Workers have no days off or holiday time.
  • Workers display signs of physical abuse i.e. bruises, cuts and signs of untreated medical problems.
  • Workers display signs of malnutrition, dehydration, exhaustion and poor personal hygiene.

Domestic Servitude is where an adult or child is forced into the role of a servant. This often occurs within a residential address. Signs to look out for include:

  • The person is rarely allowed out of the house, unless their employer or guardian is with them.
  • They have no private space or a proper place to sleep i.e. on the floor or sofa.
  • They have a poor diet or are given the family’s leftover food to eat.
  • They are subject to mental, physical, sexual abuse, threats or other cruelty.
  • A child, may have poor attendance at school, no access to education and no time to play with its peers.
  • There is no interaction with the family, friends or other authorities.

MORE INFO HERE https://modernslavery.co.uk/spot-the-signs.html



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